Articles Categorized: Review Article


Sue Sharpe Tularaemia is caused by the intracellular pathogen Francisella tularensis, a small, pleomorphic, aerobic, Gram negative coccobacillus which requires a complex cysteine-containing growth medium for laboratory cultures. Capsules may form in tissues. The pathogen is not highly heat resistant but will survive freezing and drying. It survives well in the environment – especially in… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 2 No. 2 .

Eye in the sky: Understanding the mental health of unmanned aerial vehicle operators.

D Wallace, J Costello Abstract Background: Recent conflicts in the Middle East have seen rapid developments in the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). The Australian Government plans to acquire a number of UAVs to perform a range of operations. Purpose: To determine whether UAV operators are exposed to greater or special risks to their… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 25 No. 3 .

Military Effectiveness of Five Dietary Supplements Purported to Aid Cognitive and Physical Performance

Bradley Baker, Chris Forbes-Ewan ABSTRACT Background: The effectiveness of dietary supplements in sustaining physical and/or cognitive performance is of interest to the military. Rhodiola rosea, long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (LC omega-3), beetroot juice, arginine and beta-alanine have recently been claimed to enhance cognitive and/or physical performance when taken as supplements. Purpose: To narratively review recent… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 25 No. 2 .

Application of Clinical Governance in a Role 2E Hospital: The 2nd General Health Battalion Experience

R. Linwood, N. Duff, A. Stewart, Flint, M. Reade, P. Krohn, A. Williams, B. McCall Abstract Improvements in clinical governance in Australian Army health services in recent years have reflected and drawn upon developments in the civilian sector. This paper describes how 2 GHB adapted and incorporated key civilian health system measures to drive improvements in the… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 25 No. 1 .

A Systematic Review of the Impacts of Active Military Service on Sexual and Reproductive Health Outcomes Among Servicewomen and Female Veterans of Armed Forces

E. Lawrence-Wood,1 S. Kumar,2 S Crompvoets,3 B. G. Fosh,4 H. Rahmanian,1 L. Jones,1 S. Neuhaus1 Background There are clear evidence gaps relating to health outcomes of servicewomen and female military veterans (here included as servicewomen). In addition to physical health, mental wellbeing and maternal health, there is limited literature regarding their sexual and reproductive health,… Read more »

By E. Lawrence-Wood , S. Kumar , Samantha Crompvoets , B. G. Fosh , H. Rahmanian , L. Jones and S. Neuhaus In   Issue Volume 24 No. 3 .

Article Review – Dr Andrew Robertston

Need JT, Mothershead JL. Strategic National Stockpile  program: implications for  military medicine. Mil Med. 2006 Aug;171(8):698-702. The Strategic National  Stockpile (SNS)  program. managed by the Centers  for Disease Control  and Prevention. Department of Health  and Human Services. is designed  to deliver critical medical  resources to the site of a national emergency. A recent  interagency agreement  between… Read more »

In   Issue .

A Review of Art Therapy Among Military Service Members and Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Introduction Every day in the United States approximately 22 veterans, and one active duty service member, reservist, or national guardsman commits suicide and the rate is climbing.1-2 In 2008, there were 197 reported suicides; 2009, 238; 2010, 301; 2011, 283; 2012, 325.3 In addition to fighting the Global War on Terror, current service members and veterans are left to battle postwar… Read more »

By Jeremy Ramirez, BS, MPH-C In   Issue Volume 24 No.2 .

Differences in Physical Characteristics and Performance Measures of Part-Time and Full- Time Tactical Personnel: A Critical Narrative Review

Abstract Background: Tactical personnel such as military, law enforcement and fire and rescue personnel routinely perform physically strenuous occupational tasks, requiring strength, endurance and cardiovascular fitness. Tactical populations are comprised of part-time and full-time personnel, with both groups expected to perform similar tasks at an equivalent level. Purpose: To critically review existing literature comparing physical characteristics and… Read more »

By Dylan MacDonald , Rodney Pope and Robin M Orr In   Issue Volume 24 No.1 .

The changing role and treatment techniques of the Australian military physiotherapist on active service

ABSTRACT The contribution physiotherapy has made to military efforts has transformed over recent decades. With the change in warfare techniques and strategy over the last one hundred years, came the development of new treatment techniques by Australian physiotherapists to deal with the multifarious and often complex injuries to Service personnel. Advanced physiotherapy practice and modern… Read more »

By Rolf Sellentin In   Issue Volume 19 No. 3 .

Battlefield Radiology: 2014 Update

ABSTRACT A “Military Medical Revolution – the Military Trauma System” (1) has   revealed the developments during the  Middle East Area of Operations (MEAO) wars over the last decade  showing survival rates of up to 98% of trauma patients brought to hospital alive. This significant improvement is due to the “combat care revolution”(2, 3) involving major… Read more »

By Peter Duffy In   Issue Volume 23 No. 2 .