Stress and Immune Mediators In The Canadian Armed Forces: Association Between Basal Levels and Military Physical Performance

Abstract Purpose: This study aimed to determine if an association exists between basal levels of stress and immune mediators and military physical performance among Canadian Armed Forces members (CAF). Methods: Blood samples from 219 CAF members (86 women and 133 men), were analysed for levels of cortisol, C-reactive protein (CRP), Adiponectin, INF-γ, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-2,… Read more »

By Hans Christian Tingestad In   Issue Volume 27 Number 4 .

Rehabilitation in the Australian Defence Force

Introduction This article follows previous papers by the author, regarding occupational and environmental medicine in the Australian Defence Force (ADF).1,2,3,4,5 They assert that high rates of workplace illness and injury indicate the need to improve the management of hazards associated with ADF workplaces, with better emphasis on prevention. This assertion has been independently supported by… Read more »

By N. Westphalen In   Issue Volume 27 Number 4 .

Public Perception of Dentists’ Ability to Manage a Medical Emergency

Introduction The importance of dentists to be able to manage a medical emergency in dental practice has been an established concept for many years, with medical emergency training being incorporated into dental undergraduate training programs as far as back as 19811. However, for far longer than this, dentists have held a professional role in the… Read more »

By M Vaughan , G Mahoney , A Sholapurkar and A Esterman In   Issue Volume 27 Number 3 .

Neurofeedback Training and Physical Training Differentially Impacted on Reaction Time and Balance Skills Among Iranian Veterans with Spinal Cord Injury

Abstract Background: Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) demand particular attention; people with SCI report reduced quality of life and impairments in everyday life. We tested whether and to what extent neurofeedback or a physical activity training could, compared to a control condition, improve reaction time and balance as proxies for fine motor control in a sample… Read more »

By E Norouzi and M Vaezmousavi In   Issue Volume 27 Number 3 .

A History of Australian Navy Health Officer Uniforms and Ranks (Part One)

Purpose More than a century after its establishment, many Royal Australian Navy (RAN) uniforms and ranks still reflect those used by the (British) Royal Navy (RN). Previous articles have described the history of Navy sailor uniforms or ‘rigs’ since 1509,1 the development of male and female health sailor uniforms since 1879,2 and the evolution of… Read more »

By N. Westphalen In   Issue Volume 27 Number 2 .

Evaluation of the Online, Peer Delivered ‘Post War: Survive to Thrive Program’ for Veterans with Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Abstract Background: Veterans frequently report barriers to accessing and adhering to first-line treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Online delivery of an evidence-based intervention by a peer-developed program may aid in overcoming these barriers. Purpose: This study evaluated the ‘Post War: Survive to Thrive Program’, an online, peer developed and delivered program, designed to assist… Read more »

By Madeline Romaniuk , Justine Evans and Chloe Kidd In   Issue Volume 27 Number 2 .

Factors Associated with Uptake of U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Disability Benefits Among U.S. Vietnam War Veterans Who Were VA System Users in 2013

Introduction The US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) spent US$64.7 billion in FY2016 on disability compensation for US Veterans of all eras with service-connected conditions – 37.5% (US$24.4 billion) was spent just on Vietnam-era Veterans (VNE: January 9, 1962-May 7, 1975).1 VNE Veterans are the second largest cohort of US living Veterans (6.2 million), of… Read more »

By D Fried , M Rajan , C Tseng and D Helmer In   Issue Volume 27 Number 2 .

Effects of Agility Training on Body Control, Change of Direction Speed and Injury Attrition Rates in Dutch Recruits: A Pilot Study

Abstract Background: Injury prevention contributes to the improvement of basic military training graduation rates. Purpose: To obtain an estimated effect of agility training (AT) on body control, change of direction speed (CODS), and attrition due to injuries in Dutch recruits. Methods: Cluster randomised pilot study including 64 recruits undergoing 23 weeks initial military training with… Read more »

By Iris Dijksma , Sander Perry , Wessel Zimmermann , Cees Lucas and Martijn Stuiver In   Issue Volume 27 Number 2 .

Disability Reporting Among U.S. Immigrant Veterans: Findings and Implications

Abstract Background: This preliminary study offers the first health-related assessment of United States (US) immigrant veterans, who comprise a population of more than 500 000. It builds upon research showing that a number of variables relate to veterans’ health experiences, including race, ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Purpose: To assess levels of disability reporting among foreign-born… Read more »

By Jessica L. Adler and Timothy F. Page In   Issue Volume 27 Number 2 .

Military Medical Personnel’s Perceptions of Treating Battle Injuries

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate military personnel’s self-rated perceptions of their knowledge, experience and training after high-fidelity battle injury simulation. Design: 26 military medical personnel participated in this quantitative study. Data was collected using a questionnaire after a six-day exercise where participants self-rated 10 statements regarding having sufficient medical, practical and ethical knowledge, experience and training…. Read more »

By Anna Abelsson and Lars Lundberg In   Issue Volume 27 Number 2 .