Articles Categorized: Original Research & Articles

The Effects of Current Cold Chain Management Equipment in Controlling the Temperature of Thermolabile Medications and Temperature Sensitive Diagnostics, Dressings and Fluids in A Routine Australian Defence Force Operating/Exercise Environment

E Daly, N Evans, S Holmes-Brown Abstract The purpose of this pilot study was to analyse the current cold chain storage methods of Class 8 stores, specifically thermolabile medications and temperature-sensitive diagnostics, dressings and fluids, for the Australian Army in a training area within Australia. This research was designed to identify deficiencies in current storage… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 27 Number 1 .

Compensation in the Australian Defence Force

Neil Westphalen Introduction This article follows previous papers by the author, regarding occupational and environmental medicine in the Australian Defence Force (ADF).1 They assert that high rates of workplace illness and injury indicate the need to improve the management of hazards associated with ADF workplaces, with better emphasis on prevention. They also advocated that the… Read more »

By Neil Westphalen In   Issue Volume 27 Number 1 .

Medical CBRN Defence in the Australian Defence Force

Major David J Heslop, Commander Neil Westphalen Introduction This article focuses on a specialist area of military medicine, following a series of recently published papers regarding occupational and environmental medicine in the ADF.1 They assert that high rates of preventable workplace illness and injury indicate the need to improve the management of occupational and environmental… Read more »

By Neil Westphalen In   Issue Volume 27 Number 1 .

Combat, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Health of Australian Vietnam Veteran Conscripts and Volunteers in the Three Decades After Return

B O’Toole, K Pierse, B Friedrich, S Outram, M Dadds, S Catts Introduction Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam conflict from 1962 until troop withdrawal in 1972,1 placed Australians into longer periods of risk of contact with an enemy than at any time in Australia’s history since Gallipoli.2 The Australian Force Vietnam increased in size in… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 27 Number 1 .

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Group Treatment with the Military: A Preliminary Study

S Harvey, D Bimler, D Dickson, J Pack, O Sievwright, D Baken, A Henricksen Abstract Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is rapidly gaining recognition in numerous therapy settings as a treatment of choice. To date, however, research has neglected to investigate the suitability of ACT in military settings. The current investigation is an exploratory repeated-measures… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 Number 4 .

Incorporating Reflective Practice as an Assessment Tool in the Training of New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) Medics

Incorporating Reflective Practice as an Assessment Tool in the Training of New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) Medics  Wendy Maddocks Abstract The New Zealand Defence Health Directorate changed its strategic vision in 2016 in the way the New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) provides medic training. This change provided an opportunity to analyse the value of using… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 Number 3 .

Analgesic use in Vietnam Veterans’ with Musculoskeletal Pain

Analgesic use in Vietnam Veterans’ with Musculoskeletal Pain Lisa Kalisch Ellett, Nicole Pratt, Elizabeth Roughead   Abstract Background: International studies suggest that high-dose opioid use is more common in veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than those without in the treatment of musculoskeletal pain. Purpose: This article aims to examine the use of analgesics by… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 Number 3 .

Concussion within the Military

Concussion within the Military Roy Beran CMDR rtd, MBBS, MD, FRACP, Dr Sonu Bhaskar MD, PhD Abstract Concussion or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is associated with long-term impairments in military personnel. Diagnosis of the condition remains clinically challenging. Neurological examination and cognitive symptoms may not accurately map the nature and severity of underlying brain… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 Number 3 .

‘Military Superbug’ Acinetobacter Baumanii Induced Sepsis in Craniofacial Gunshot Injuries

‘Military Superbug’ Acinetobacter Baumanii Induced Sepsis in Craniofacial Gunshot Injuries I Danish Khan, Associate Professor, Army College of Medical Sciences and Base Hospital, New Delhi, India Craniofacial gunshot injuries encountered during CI/CT operations are involved in a situational complexity requiring astute battlefield care, streamlined evacuation logistics, and operative and critical life support capabilities at various… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 Number 3 .

Gulf War Illness in the 1991 Gulf War and Gulf Era Veteran Population: An Application of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Kansas Case Definitions to Historical Data

E Dursa, S Barth, B Porter, A Schneiderman Introduction In the initial years following the 1990–1991 Gulf War, reports of a complex array of medically unexplained symptoms began to emerge among US Gulf War veterans.1,2 This cluster of symptoms, which included fatigue, pain, gastrointestinal symptoms, respiratory symptoms, dermatological symptoms, neurological symptoms and cognitive symptoms,3-9 collectively… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.2 .