Articles Categorized: Short Communication

Comparison of Two Co-Located Infantry Battalions during the 1918 Influenza Pandemic with Very Different Mortality Experiences

D Shanks, M Waller Abstract The 1918–1919 influenza pandemic was the greatest mortality event in recent history whose specific origins and mechanism remain largely unexplained. Wide ranges of mortality were observed in otherwise identical groups for unclear reasons. The 49th (n=1363) and 50th (n=1243) Battalions (BN) of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) respectively had one… Read more »

By Dennis Shanks In   Issue Volume 27 Number 1 .

Veterans’ attitudes towards discussing sexual practices and sexual orientation with therapists

M Vendlinski, G Simons, J Yen, S Larsen Abstract Background: It is widely recommended that sexuality be discussed during health-care assessments and treatment. Health-care providers often do not raise the topic of sexuality, even though patients typically welcome these conversations. Purpose: The current study examines whether veterans report having discussions about sexuality with their psychotherapists…. Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.2 .

Examining Moral Injury Awareness in a Clinical Setting

M Kopacz, G L Charpeid, L A Hollenbeck, J Lockman Abstract Moral injury is a relatively novel clinical construct recognized as a focus of concern in some military veteran populations. This short communication presents findings from a descriptive survey examining awareness of moral injury in a clinical setting specialized in veteran health services and treatment…. Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.1 .

Psychological Development of Emerging Adults in the Military and transition to the civilian workforce

C C Hicks, E Bell, D Gray This paper considers the unique role that serving in the Australian Army may have on shaping the psychological development of emerging adults. Emerging adulthood is defined as the development period from the late teens through the twenties, with a focus on ages 18-25. For most young people in… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.1 .

Medial tibial stress syndrome in military recruits

James Ross, MB BS, FACOM, MPH   Military basic, or entry level, training has been known to cause very high levels of injury in recruits. In some cases, 60 to 70 percent of trainees have been injured in an eight week period1,2. The majority of these injuries have been overuse injuries of the lower limbs… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 2 No. 2 .

Would That White Coat Were Purple

Wing Commander Tony Austin RAAF A traditional Chinese curse goes something like this: ‘May you live in interesting times’. If it be so, then we are all most certainly cursed for those are indeed very interesting times. Economic reality has hit the military hard the buzz word for the 90’s is ‘downsizing’ and the military… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 2 No. 2 .

Risk of Suicide Among Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury Experiencing Homelessness

B. Palladino, A. E. Montgomery, M. Sommers, J. D. Fargo Introduction Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in the United States; during 2013 more than 41,000 individuals died as a result of self-inflicted injury, a rate of 13 suicide deaths per 100,000 individuals1. The rate of suicide among the 22 million veterans in 2013 was almost three… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 25 No. 1 .

Malaria Outbreak Aboard an Australian Navy Ship in the Indian Ocean

G. C. Rose,1 N. Westphalen,2 G. D. Shanks3 Abstract: Four sailors aboard HMAS Newcastle were infected with falciparum malaria during a port visit to Dar-es-Salaam in Tanzania. All four were successfully treated at sea with oral atovaquone/proguanil. Besides their apparent non-adherence with the usual antimalarial precautions, the key aspects of this outbreak include a lack… Read more »

By G. C. Rose , N. Westphalen and G. D. Shanks In   Issue Volume 24 No. 3 .

PROJECT CEREBRO: An Evaluation of Blast Gauges in the Australian Defence Force

  BACKGROUND Blast-related Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has been a frequent and prominent wound in recent conflicts. Helmet sensors or blast gauges have been proposed to monitor blast effects in troops exposed to Improvised Explosive Devices (IED).   PURPOSE The findings of a trial of blast gauges in Australian troops deployed in Afghanistan are described…. Read more »

By MAJ Steven Bennett MMS , Gary Fintelman , Michelle Patchell , Annette Webb , MAJ Brenton Wynen , LTCOL Jacqueline Costello and Duncan Wallace In   Issue Volume 23 No. 3 .

Changes to the landscape of GP training, but some aspects stay the same. Should we expect further delays to medical officer training progression?

Abstract: ADF medical officers must complete military, military health and civilian GP training to progress to the independently deployable status of Medical Level 3. (ML3). Changes to administration of the Australian General Practice Training program (AGPT) is making recruitment more challenging for medical officers. Budget changes have removed the prevocational GP placement program that supported… Read more »

By Scott Kitchener In   Issue Volume 23 No. 2 .