Volume 18 No. 3

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Therapeutic Guidelines: Cardiovascular

*Version 5. xxii+243pp, paperback, ISBN 978-0-9804764-1-5. Melbourne, Therapeutic Guidelines Limited, AUD39.00, 2008. Apart from textbooks, there have been few handbooks published specifically on cardiovascular guidelines. This fifth Version of Therapeutic Guidelines: Cardiovascular, part of a collection of 14 in the series of the popular and respected Therapeutic Guidelines series in Australia, is a major step… Read more »

By Peter Leggat In   Issue Volume 18 No. 3 .

Are we ready? Public health since 9/11

Following the terrorist attacks of 9/11 in 2001 and the possibility of bioterrorism following the anthrax episode a month later, the engagement of public health in the global counteroffensive against terrorism was probably for the first time in many decades central to the response in the threats facing the United States of America (US). While… Read more »

By Peter Leggat In   Issue Volume 18 No. 3 .

Dengue Fever Update

Dengue Global Epidemiology Dengue continues to be a global disease, more so than prior to 2000.  In the Americas, cases have become more numerous, particularly Dengue 3 infections, with the highest incidence and mortality among adolescents and children1.  Since beginning operations in 1999, the European Network on Imported Infectious Disease Surveillance (TropNetEurop) has detected an… Read more »

By Scott Kitchener In   Issue Volume 18 No. 3 .

The development of dengue vaccines and their military significance

Reprinted from Australian Military Medicine Volume 9(2): 71-73.   Background of Dengue in the South West Pacific Region Dengue has become a world-wide disease with more than 100 million cases per year.1 It is the leading cause of arboviral infection in humans.2 The current global pandemic of dengue arose from the combination of ecological disruption… Read more »

By Scott Kitchener In   Issue Volume 18 No. 3 .

Load carriage: minimising soldier injuries through physical conditioning – a narrative review

Abstract Background  With soldiers carrying increasing loads, physical conditioning may provide one means of reducing injuries and increasing the ability to train, maintain and retain soldiers. Purpose  The purpose of this study is to review the current literature on physical conditioning for load carriage and present the findings in a manner that will allow physical… Read more »

By Julia Coyle , Rodney Pope and Robin M Orr In   Issue Volume 18 No. 3 .

Paediatric aeromedical transport and hypoxia

Introduction Paediatric patients have different anatomical and physiological parameters when compared to the adult population.  These differences are consistent and well described1, with some of them rendering the infant more susceptible to hypoxia2.  Aeromedical staff require a sound knowledge of these differences to properly treat the paediatric patient. Paediatric anatomy and physiology Paediatric body mass… Read more »

By Jeffrey Stephenson In   Issue Volume 18 No. 3 .

Neurology in Aviation

Preparing an overview of neurology in aviation starts with a review of the Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) guidelines. The CASA guidelines cover a range of neurological conditions such as: headaches; syncope and seizures; disequilibrium; degenerative diseases; and peripheral neuropathy. Trauma and post-traumatic amnesia are discussed, as is neurosurgical management. The role of routine neurophysiologic… Read more »

By Roy Beran In   Issue Volume 18 No. 3 .

Factors affecting oral health status in an elderly military veteran population in New Zealand

Abstract Background Oral health care provision for aged-care facility residents remains problematic worldwide, with both institutional and professional barriers preventing regular provision of this service. Purpose To identify factors affecting the oral health status of elderly war veterans which are different from those reported for non-veteran aged-care facility residents. Methods and Materials A small pilot… Read more »

By Robert Love , James Dawson and In   Issue Volume 18 No. 3 .

The true prevalence of unscheduled dental visits in the Australian Defence Force

Abstract An essential element for determining suitable risk management strategies for dental emergencies in the Australian Defence Force (ADF) is an accurate measurement of that outcome which best reflects those dental visits collectively termed ‘unplanned presentations’. Purpose: The aim of the study was to determine the true prevalence of Unscheduled Dental Visits (UDVs) in the… Read more »

By Gary Slade , Greg Mahoney and Scott Kitchener In   Issue Volume 18 No. 3 .

Lessons Learned

One of the important lessons that all military health personnel should learn early on is that, as originally expostulated by George Santayana, “those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” I have recently reviewed some old letters from my Great-Uncle Captain Gordon Ochiltree Robertson, who served as the Regimental Medical Officer (RMO)… Read more »

By Andrew Robertson In   Issue Volume 18 No. 3 .