Volume 27 Number 1

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The Effects of Current Cold Chain Management Equipment in Controlling the Temperature of Thermolabile Medications and Temperature Sensitive Diagnostics, Dressings and Fluids in A Routine Australian Defence Force Operating/Exercise Environment

E Daly, N Evans, S Holmes-Brown Abstract The purpose of this pilot study was to analyse the current cold chain storage methods of Class 8 stores, specifically thermolabile medications and temperature-sensitive diagnostics, dressings and fluids, for the Australian Army in a training area within Australia. This research was designed to identify deficiencies in current storage… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 27 Number 1 .

Systematic Review of The Impact of Deployment on Respiratory Function of Contemporary International and Australian Veterans’

H Ighani, E Lawrence-Wood, SJ Neuhaus, A McFarlane Abstract Current international literature suggests a higher prevalence of respiratory conditions in military personnel during and following deployment to the Middle East for reasons that are not well understood. Therefore, a systematic review of research into the impacts of deployment on respiratory function among international and Australian… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 27 Number 1 .

Homeless Indigenous Veterans and the Current Gaps in Knowledge: The State of the Literature

J Serrato, H Hassan, C Forchuk Background & purpose: The unique experiences of homelessness for Indigenous Veterans are currently understudied. The purpose of this review was to assess the current literature on homelessness among Indigenous Veterans, to identify the gaps in the existing knowledge base and to provide an insight into future research. Materials &… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 27 Number 1 .

Compensation in the Australian Defence Force

Neil Westphalen Introduction This article follows previous papers by the author, regarding occupational and environmental medicine in the Australian Defence Force (ADF).1 They assert that high rates of workplace illness and injury indicate the need to improve the management of hazards associated with ADF workplaces, with better emphasis on prevention. They also advocated that the… Read more »

By Neil Westphalen In   Issue Volume 27 Number 1 .

Medical CBRN Defence in the Australian Defence Force

Major David J Heslop, Commander Neil Westphalen Introduction This article focuses on a specialist area of military medicine, following a series of recently published papers regarding occupational and environmental medicine in the ADF.1 They assert that high rates of preventable workplace illness and injury indicate the need to improve the management of occupational and environmental… Read more »

By Neil Westphalen In   Issue Volume 27 Number 1 .

Combat, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Health of Australian Vietnam Veteran Conscripts and Volunteers in the Three Decades After Return

B O’Toole, K Pierse, B Friedrich, S Outram, M Dadds, S Catts Introduction Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam conflict from 1962 until troop withdrawal in 1972,1 placed Australians into longer periods of risk of contact with an enemy than at any time in Australia’s history since Gallipoli.2 The Australian Force Vietnam increased in size in… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 27 Number 1 .

The Australian Army’s Two ‘Traditional’ Diseases: Gonorrhea and Syphilis — A Military-Medical History During the Twentieth Century

Ian Howie-Willis Abstract Two sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) marched in lockstep with the Australian Army in most, if not all, its overseas campaigns during the twentieth century. Gonorrhoea and syphilis, bacterial infections spread most commonly through sexual intercourse. This article illustrates through reference to the Australian Army’s major overseas deployments; from the Boer War at… Read more »

By Ian Howie-Willis In   Issue Volume 27 Number 1 .

Comparison of Two Co-Located Infantry Battalions during the 1918 Influenza Pandemic with Very Different Mortality Experiences

D Shanks, M Waller Abstract The 1918–1919 influenza pandemic was the greatest mortality event in recent history whose specific origins and mechanism remain largely unexplained. Wide ranges of mortality were observed in otherwise identical groups for unclear reasons. The 49th (n=1363) and 50th (n=1243) Battalions (BN) of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) respectively had one… Read more »

By Dennis Shanks In   Issue Volume 27 Number 1 .

Editorial

Wither Nuclear? In this issue, Heslop and Westphalen review medical chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) defence in the Australian Defence Force.1 The ongoing interest of militaries and non-state actors in these weapons, while waxing and waning over the last 100 years, continues, and requires appropriate military health preparations. While chemical, biological and, to a… Read more »

By Andrew Robertson In   Issue Volume 27 Number 1 .