Articles Categorized: Short Communication

Risk of Suicide Among Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury Experiencing Homelessness

B. Palladino, A. E. Montgomery, M. Sommers, J. D. Fargo Introduction Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in the United States; during 2013 more than 41,000 individuals died as a result of self-inflicted injury, a rate of 13 suicide deaths per 100,000 individuals1. The rate of suicide among the 22 million veterans in 2013 was almost three… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 25 No. 1 .

Malaria Outbreak Aboard an Australian Navy Ship in the Indian Ocean

G. C. Rose,1 N. Westphalen,2 G. D. Shanks3 Abstract: Four sailors aboard HMAS Newcastle were infected with falciparum malaria during a port visit to Dar-es-Salaam in Tanzania. All four were successfully treated at sea with oral atovaquone/proguanil. Besides their apparent non-adherence with the usual antimalarial precautions, the key aspects of this outbreak include a lack… Read more »

By G. C. Rose , N. Westphalen and G. D. Shanks In   Issue Volume 24 No. 3 .

PROJECT CEREBRO: An Evaluation of Blast Gauges in the Australian Defence Force

  BACKGROUND Blast-related Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has been a frequent and prominent wound in recent conflicts. Helmet sensors or blast gauges have been proposed to monitor blast effects in troops exposed to Improvised Explosive Devices (IED).   PURPOSE The findings of a trial of blast gauges in Australian troops deployed in Afghanistan are described…. Read more »

By MAJ Steven Bennett MMS , Gary Fintelman , Michelle Patchell , Annette Webb , MAJ Brenton Wynen , LTCOL Jacqueline Costello and Duncan Wallace In   Issue Volume 23 No. 3 .

Changes to the landscape of GP training, but some aspects stay the same. Should we expect further delays to medical officer training progression?

Abstract: ADF medical officers must complete military, military health and civilian GP training to progress to the independently deployable status of Medical Level 3. (ML3). Changes to administration of the Australian General Practice Training program (AGPT) is making recruitment more challenging for medical officers. Budget changes have removed the prevocational GP placement program that supported… Read more »

By Scott Kitchener In   Issue Volume 23 No. 2 .

Rabies post-exposure prophylaxis in Australian Defence Force personnel in Afghanistan

Abstract Background: Australian Defence Force (ADF) personnel have been deployed to Afghanistan since 2002. The 2011 death of a US Army soldier from rabies raised the awareness of rabies in ADF personnel deployed in Afghanistan. Purpose: The study aims to review rabies exposure in ADF personnel supported by the Australian Role 1 health facility in… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 23 No. 1 .

Trends in traumatic limb amputation in Allied Forces in Iraq and Afghanistan

Abstract Background: Limb amputation has been a common injury occurring in the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Compared to other injuries, less attention has been given to this serious, disabling wound. Purpose: The article describes the Allied military experience of traumatic limb amputation in Iraq and Afghanistan. It intends to inform health care personnel involved… Read more »

By Duncan Wallace In   Issue Volume 20 No. 2 .

The Canberra Class Landing Helicopter Docks (LHDs): A New Maritime Role 2 Enhanced (MR2E) Capability for the ADF

The Canberra class Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) ships will replace the LPAs Manoora and Kanimbla, and the LSH Tobruk.  Planning for these new ships began in 2000, based on Australia’s experience with INTERFET in East Timor.  In 2004, invitations for tender were sought from a French company offering the Mistral class ships, and the Spanish… Read more »

By Neil Westphalen In   Issue Volume 20 No. 2 .

Dengue Fever Update

Dengue Global Epidemiology Dengue continues to be a global disease, more so than prior to 2000.  In the Americas, cases have become more numerous, particularly Dengue 3 infections, with the highest incidence and mortality among adolescents and children1.  Since beginning operations in 1999, the European Network on Imported Infectious Disease Surveillance (TropNetEurop) has detected an… Read more »

By Scott Kitchener In   Issue Volume 18 No. 3 .

Commanding Officer Health Satisfaction Survey – finding out what is working and what needs doing better

Introduction The opportunity to gain feedback from customers is an important facet of improving the delivery of health services. In the Defence Health Service this is primarily achieved through Customer Satisfaction Surveys per Health Directive 920. However this is focused on patients and misses the other customer base: the Commanding Officer (CO). This shortfall was… Read more »

By David Parry and Neil Westphalen In   Issue Volume 16 No. 3 .

Unusual Poisons: Socrates Curse

Introduction This is the first in a series of articles looking at some unusual poisons that may not be familiar to most military health personnel. This is of particular relevance, as soldiers deployed on exercises or operations in rural and remote areas may consider using local vegetation as part of their food supply to supplement… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 16 No. 1 .