Articles Categorized: Original Research & Articles

Serum Level of Nutritional Antioxidants are Decreased in Veteran Smokers with COPD

Corrine Hanson, Elizabeth Lyden, Lisa Weissenburger-Moser, Jeremy Furtado, Debra J. Romberger and Tricia D. LeVan Introduction Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in the U.S. and worldwide,1-4 resulting in an economic and social burden that is both substantial and increasing. Veterans are a group of people who are disproportionately… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 25 No. 2 .

Inicidence rates for work health and safety incidents and injuries in Australian Army Reserve vs full time soldiers, and a comparison of reporting systems

Rodney Pope, Robin Orr ABSTRACT Objective: To determine incidence rates of reported work health and safety (WHS) incidents and injuries in Army Reserve (ARES) and Australian Regular Army (ARA) personnel and assess the relative performance of the WHS incident reporting system, compared to ‘point-of-care’ systems. Methods: WHS incident data for a 24-month period were extracted… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 25 No. 2 .

Reach, accessibility and effectiveness of an online selfguided wellbeing website for the military community

Delyth Lloyd1* MA MPH, Tracey Varker1 PhD, Thi Pham1 BSc, John O’Connor1 PhD, Andrea Phelps1PhD Abstract Online mental healthcare resources have proliferated at a greater pace than evidence for their effectiveness. They may nevertheless be an attractive alternative for contemporary veterans and serving personnel who are reluctant to engage in traditional face to face treatment…. Read more »

In   Issue Volume 25 No. 2 .

Military Personnel and Psychological Support: An Analysis Based on Social Representation Theory

V. Karamanoli, K. Papachristopoulos Background: Seeking mental help in military contexts seems to be the last choice for those who have psychological problems among military personnel. Personal and interpersonal factors are associated with the perception of stigma concerning seeking mental help, especially in the military, and research on potential barriers regarding the search for psychological help can provide… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 25 No. 1 .

Teledermatology – A proposed Model for the Australian Defence Force

Colgrave, Nevin; MBBS (Hons), FRACGP, MPH, DCH, BIntBus, GradDip Chinese Lang; Village Family Practice Muir, Jim; MBBS, FACD; South East Dermatology Keywords: Teledermatology, Australian Defence Force, Tele-Derm National, Rural and Remote Medical Education Online Abstract Background: Teledermatology is becoming increasingly popular as a way of providing specialist review of dermatology patients in remote areas. The… Read more »

By Nevin Colgrave In   Issue Volume 24 No. 4 .

The Effects of Hippotherapy on Motor Performance in Veterans with Disabilities: A Case Report

R L Aldridge Jr,1 A. Morgan,2 A. Lewis1 Abstract The purpose of this case report was to compare traditional physical therapy to hippotherapy combined with traditional physical therapy on the motor performance of a 34-year-old male military veteran with low back and neck pain. Hippotherapy, as a treatment strategy, uses the movement of a horse… Read more »

By R L Aldridge Jr , A. Morgan and A. Lewis In   Issue Volume 24 No. 3 .

Vitamin D Correlation with Testosterone Concentration in Male US Soldiers and Veterans

L M. Wentz,1 C S. Berry-Cabán,2 Q Wu,3 J D. Eldred4 Abstract Background: Vitamin D has been positively correlated with testosterone in older men, but these hormonal relationships have not been examined in military personnel. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify significant correlations between vitamin D and testosterone concentrations in male soldiers… Read more »

By L M. Wentz , C S. Berry-Cabán , Q Wu and J D. Eldred In   Issue Volume 24 No. 3 .

Predictors of Depression Diagnoses and Symptoms in United States Female Veterans: Results from a National Survey and Implications for Programming

K. H. Thomas, D. L. Albright, M. M. Shields, E. Kaufman, C. Michaud, S. Plummer Taylor, K. Hamner Abstract Background and Purpose: Research suggests that female veterans of the United States military are more likely than their male counterparts to report mental health concerns such as posttraumatic stress, depression and suicidal thoughts. The purpose of… Read more »

By K. H. Thomas , D. L. Albright , M. M. Shields , E. Kaufman , C. Michaud , S. Plummer Taylor and K. Hamner In   Issue Volume 24 No. 3 .

Effects of Penthrox® (methoxyflurane) as an analgesic on cardiovascular and respiratory functions in the pre-hospital setting

Methoxyflurane (Penthrox®) was initially introduced as an analgesic into Australian ambulance services in 1974. The last 40 years have seen it become extensively used in all government and nongovernment emergency ambulance services as well as private ambulance providers and patient transport sectors. Its short onset of action and effective analgesic properties makes the drug an important pain relief option in pre-hospital management. Additionally, methoxyflurane… Read more »

By H F Oxer In   Issue Volume 24 No.2 .

Health characteristics and self-identified health promotion needs of Army personnel in Perth Western Australia

Introduction Australian Defence Force (ADF) personnel require high levels of health and fitness to cope with the inherently stressful situations that occur as part of military life. However, several health and lifestyle issues among ADF personnel have been identified relating to mental health and alcohol use1, tobacco smoking in deployed personnel2 and increased body mass index (BMI).3 Mental disorders among service personnel have… Read more »

By S.Batt , P. Geerlings and C. Fetherston In   Issue Volume 24 No.2 .