Articles Categorized: Original Research & Articles

Gulf War Illness in the 1991 Gulf War and Gulf Era Veteran Population: An Application of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Kansas Case Definitions to Historical Data

E Dursa, S Barth, B Porter, A Schneiderman Introduction In the initial years following the 1990–1991 Gulf War, reports of a complex array of medically unexplained symptoms began to emerge among US Gulf War veterans.1,2 This cluster of symptoms, which included fatigue, pain, gastrointestinal symptoms, respiratory symptoms, dermatological symptoms, neurological symptoms and cognitive symptoms,3-9 collectively… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.2 .

The Dark Night of the Veteran’s Soul – Understanding the Impact of Spiritual Wounds for Australian Veterans

M Davies Abstract Background: Figures from the Department of Veterans’ Affairs indicate there may be over 30,000 Australian veterans that have or may yet develop some form of service-related mental illness. There is a growing body of evidence that there is a spiritual dimension to soldiers’ wounds. Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.2 .

Tobacco Use in a National Sample of United States Service Member and Veteran Students

D Albright, K Fletcher, K Thomas, J McDaniel, A Diehr, J Bertram, D Cobb Abstract This study explored tobacco use in a national sample of service member and veteran students enrolled in postsecondary institutions with the purpose of informing the development of a tobacco cessation initiative by identifying factors associated with the use of cigarettes,… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.2 .

The Psychological Adjustment Experience of Reintegration Following Discharge from Military Service: A Systematic Review

M Romaniuk, C Kidd   Abstract Background: Previous literature has noted a substantial proportion of veterans experience difficulty reintegrating into civilian society following discharge from military service, which may have a significant impact on their psychosocial functioning. Purpose: This review aimed to identify, describe and thematically synthesise literature on veteran reintegration following discharge from military… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.2 .

The Effects of the Incompatible “Soldier” Identity Upon Depression in Former Australian Army Personnel

M Kreminski, M Barry, M Platow In recent years, there has been a concerted effort by social psychologists to link the social identity approach with general health and well-being. The research, however, has overlooked that a strong and enduring identity that is incompatible with an individual’s current environment may have a negative effect upon that… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.2 .

Comorbidity Risks of a Cohort of Vietnam Veterans Diagnosed with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

T Bullman, A I Schniederman   Abstract Background: Research has demonstrated that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with increased risk of other mental diseases. Studies have also reported increased risk for cardiovascular diseases associated with PTSD. Purpose: This study examined cause-specific comorbidity risks among a cohort of Vietnam veterans diagnosed with PTSD. Material and… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.1 .

MilTeenChat™ App to Promote Coping Resilience in Military Youth

K Puskar, R Sun, A Gleeson, T Lampl, D Nichols, N Khan   Abstract Military adolescents face unique challenges in military families including frequent relocations and parental deployment. Around 30% of military adolescents report feeling sad or hopeless, and one in four has considered suicide. There are limited resources available for military adolescents coping with… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.1 .

Operational Test and Evaluation, HMAS Canberra: Assessing the ADF’s New Maritime Role 2 Enhanced Capacity

Commander Neil Westphalen, RANR Introduction The first of two Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) ships commissioned into the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) as HMAS Canberra (L02) on 28 November 2014., Among their other attributes, the LHDs bring a Maritime Role 2 Enhanced (MR2E) seagoing health capability to the Australian Defence Force (ADF) for the first time,… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.1 .

Factors associated with lower extremity training-related injuries among enlisted women in U.S. Army operational units

C Rappole, M C Chervak, T Gier, M Anderson, B Jones Abstract Background: The lower extremity is consistently the most injured body region among U.S. Army soldiers. However, there has been limited research on risk factors for lower extremity injuries, particularly among women. Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to assess factors associated with… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.1 .

Medical NBC Training – Where to now?

A.G.Robertson, D.J.Morgan-Jones Abstract Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) Warfare remains as much a risk today as it has been in the past. With increased numbers of proliferating nations, increased industrialisation and poorly effective arms control measures, this risk is unlikely to decrease in the foreseeable future. To prepare military physicians to deal with these toxic… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 5 No.3 .