Articles Categorized: Original Research & Articles

Incorporating Reflective Practice as an Assessment Tool in the Training of New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) Medics

Incorporating Reflective Practice as an Assessment Tool in the Training of New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) Medics  Wendy Maddocks Abstract The New Zealand Defence Health Directorate changed its strategic vision in 2016 in the way the New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) provides medic training. This change provided an opportunity to analyse the value of using… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 Number 3 .

Analgesic use in Vietnam Veterans’ with Musculoskeletal Pain

Analgesic use in Vietnam Veterans’ with Musculoskeletal Pain Lisa Kalisch Ellett, Nicole Pratt, Elizabeth Roughead   Abstract Background: International studies suggest that high-dose opioid use is more common in veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than those without in the treatment of musculoskeletal pain. Purpose: This article aims to examine the use of analgesics by… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 Number 3 .

Concussion within the Military

Concussion within the Military Roy Beran CMDR rtd, MBBS, MD, FRACP, Dr Sonu Bhaskar MD, PhD Abstract Concussion or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is associated with long-term impairments in military personnel. Diagnosis of the condition remains clinically challenging. Neurological examination and cognitive symptoms may not accurately map the nature and severity of underlying brain… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 Number 3 .

‘Military Superbug’ Acinetobacter Baumanii Induced Sepsis in Craniofacial Gunshot Injuries

‘Military Superbug’ Acinetobacter Baumanii Induced Sepsis in Craniofacial Gunshot Injuries I Danish Khan, Associate Professor, Army College of Medical Sciences and Base Hospital, New Delhi, India Craniofacial gunshot injuries encountered during CI/CT operations are involved in a situational complexity requiring astute battlefield care, streamlined evacuation logistics, and operative and critical life support capabilities at various… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 Number 3 .

Gulf War Illness in the 1991 Gulf War and Gulf Era Veteran Population: An Application of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Kansas Case Definitions to Historical Data

E Dursa, S Barth, B Porter, A Schneiderman Introduction In the initial years following the 1990–1991 Gulf War, reports of a complex array of medically unexplained symptoms began to emerge among US Gulf War veterans.1,2 This cluster of symptoms, which included fatigue, pain, gastrointestinal symptoms, respiratory symptoms, dermatological symptoms, neurological symptoms and cognitive symptoms,3-9 collectively… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.2 .

The Dark Night of the Veteran’s Soul – Understanding the Impact of Spiritual Wounds for Australian Veterans

M Davies Abstract Background: Figures from the Department of Veterans’ Affairs indicate there may be over 30,000 Australian veterans that have or may yet develop some form of service-related mental illness. There is a growing body of evidence that there is a spiritual dimension to soldiers’ wounds. Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.2 .

Tobacco Use in a National Sample of United States Service Member and Veteran Students

D Albright, K Fletcher, K Thomas, J McDaniel, A Diehr, J Bertram, D Cobb Abstract This study explored tobacco use in a national sample of service member and veteran students enrolled in postsecondary institutions with the purpose of informing the development of a tobacco cessation initiative by identifying factors associated with the use of cigarettes,… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.2 .

The Psychological Adjustment Experience of Reintegration Following Discharge from Military Service: A Systematic Review

M Romaniuk, C Kidd   Abstract Background: Previous literature has noted a substantial proportion of veterans experience difficulty reintegrating into civilian society following discharge from military service, which may have a significant impact on their psychosocial functioning. Purpose: This review aimed to identify, describe and thematically synthesise literature on veteran reintegration following discharge from military… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.2 .

The Effects of the Incompatible “Soldier” Identity Upon Depression in Former Australian Army Personnel

M Kreminski, M Barry, M Platow In recent years, there has been a concerted effort by social psychologists to link the social identity approach with general health and well-being. The research, however, has overlooked that a strong and enduring identity that is incompatible with an individual’s current environment may have a negative effect upon that… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.2 .

Comorbidity Risks of a Cohort of Vietnam Veterans Diagnosed with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

T Bullman, A I Schniederman   Abstract Background: Research has demonstrated that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with increased risk of other mental diseases. Studies have also reported increased risk for cardiovascular diseases associated with PTSD. Purpose: This study examined cause-specific comorbidity risks among a cohort of Vietnam veterans diagnosed with PTSD. Material and… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 26 No.1 .