Articles Categorized: History

‘A near-run thing’: The foundation and early years of 1 Malaria Research Laboratory, forerunner of the Australian Army Malaria Institute, 1963–1969 (Part 4 of ‘Pioneers of Australian military malariology’)

Ian Howie-Willis Abstract During the 25 years following World War II, malaria re-emerged as a major threat to Australian military personnel deployed to malarious regions in South-East Asia. By 1952, malariologists in Britain knew that drug-resistant strains of the malaria parasites Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax had emerged in Malaya.[i] Successive contingents of Australian soldiers… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 25 No. 2 .

Australian malariology during World War II (Part 3 of ‘Pioneers of Australian military malariology’)

Ian Howie-Willis Abstract This is the third part in a five-part series on the development of Australian military malariology during the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Part 1, which appeared in JMVH 24(1) in January 2016, traced the course taken by Australian malariology between the South African (‘Boer’) War of 1898–1902 and the early 1920s… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 25 No. 2 .

The Army Malaria Institute: Fifty Years of Esteemed “Vampire” Service

J. Pearn Abstract The Golden Jubilee (2016) of the Army Malaria Institute is a significant event in the history not only of the Australian Defence Force, but that of the Australian nation. The Institute’s research – entomological, pharmacological, epidemiological and clinical – has been crucial in the maintenance of optimal healthcare for every operational and humanitarian deployment of… Read more »

In   Issue Volume 25 No. 1 .

Pacific Island Societies Destabilised by Infectious Diseases

Prof G. Dennis Shanks MD1,2,3 Abstract Infectious diseases de-populated many isolated Pacific islands when they were first exposed to global pathogen circulation from the 18th century. In most cases it is difficult to reconstruct mortality risk factors as few literate observers were present when the first epidemics arrived with lethality dropping rapidly during subsequent epidemics…. Read more »

By Dennis Shanks In   Issue Volume 24 No. 4 .

Joint Expeditionary Medical Support in 1914: The US Occupation of Veracruz, Mexico

Sanders Marble Keywords: Military Medicine/history; Military Medicine/organisation & administration; Preventive Medicine/history On Tuesday, 21 April 1914 US sailors and Marines landed at Veracruz, Mexico. There were two days of sporadic fighting by the ‘Bluejackets’ and Marines followed by almost seven months of occupation by Army and Marine forces. The two services would draw limited lessons… Read more »

By Sanders Marble In   Issue Volume 24 No. 3 .

Malariology in Australia between the First and Second World Wars (Part 2 of ‘Pioneers of Australian military malariology’)

Abstract Two ‘push’ factors drove Australian malariological research in the decades before World War II. The first was the nation’s own experience of malaria in its tropical north, where local, usually seasonal, outbreaks of the disease occurred fairly regularly. The second was the Army’s experience of malaria during overseas deployments. During the two inter-war decades, the… Read more »

By Ian Howie-Willis In   Issue Volume 24 No.2 .

Army Malaria Institute – Its Evolution and Achievements Fifth Decade: 2006-2015

Abstract As the Army Malaria Institute entered its fifth decade, its research mission expanded and matured. Five research departments were engaged in assessing a variety of malaria drugs, molecular biology, field, clinical and diagnostic studies while arbovirus vaccines and molecular epidemiology topics were studied. Internal and external reviews of the Army Malaria Institute (AMI) were conducted indicating that… Read more »

By G. Dennis Shanks , Michael D Edstein , Qin Cheng , Steve Frances , John Aaskov , Ken Lilley , Robert D Cooper , Ivor Harris and Alyson Auliff In   Issue Volume 24 No.1 .

The Pioneers of Australian Military Malariology: Some Biographical Profiles (Part 1)

Abstract Australian military malariology has a long but discontinuous history extending back to the Boer War and possibly earlier. Its origins could possibly have been in the Sudan campaign (1885) and more certainly in the second Boer War (1899–1902) in the years before the establishment of the Australian Army. The discipline has continued, increasingly purposefully during the… Read more »

By Ian Howie-Willis In   Issue Volume 24 No.1 .

Excerpt from HMAS Sydney I Medical Officer’s Log During Action with S.M.S Emden 09 November 1914 – Action with S.M.S Emden off Cocos Island – 9th November 1914

11-19 November 1914 (Excerpt 3) After a short spell, Dr. Ollerhead, Surgeon Todd, and myself, with the assistance of 3 volunteers, got the theatre cleaned up with lotions, dressings, and instruments ready, and recommenced operations. The patient was a German with a shattered right leg, which was fractured and mutilated in the middle third. The… Read more »

By Surgeon Leonard Darby In   Issue Volume 23 No. 3 .

Excerpt from HMAS Sydney I medical officer’s log during action with SMS Emden 09 November 1914 – Action with S.M.S. Emden off Cocos Island – 9th November 1914

10 November 1914 (Excerpt 2) Early next morning we arrived off Cocos Island, near the cable station, and having ascertained the damage done we took off the Eastern Extension Telegraph Co’s Surgeon, Dr. H.S. Ollerhead, to help us with the German wounded. We then steamed back to North Keeling Island to the Emden. We now… Read more »

By Surgeon Captain Leonard Darby In   Issue Volume 23 No. 2 .